My wireless ISP (WISP) uses the Mikrotik hotspot feature with RADIUS on the back end to authenticate our users. This implements a captive portal that redirects all DNS requests so that the user is taken to a login page if they’re not logged in. Once they log in once, the system associates their radio with their account, and they don’t have to log in anymore under normal circumstances.
However, once logged in, users still have all their DNS requests proxied through the routers. A lot of users want to use their own DNS (like OpenDNS or Google Public DNS), and that’s fine with me, but a user ran the
namebench utility and found that their DNS was being forcibly proxied.
It took some hunting, but I finally found this post on the Mikrotik forums which details how to get around this. Basically:
- The hotspot adds dynamic DNS redirect rules. If you go to
/ip firewall natand just
print dynmicthey do. The relevant lines are:
2 D chain=hotspot action=redirect to-ports=64872 protocol=udp dst-port=53 log=no log-prefix=""
3 D chain=hotspot action=redirect to-ports=64872 protocol=tcp dst-port=53 log=no log-prefix=""
- We still want non-logged-in-users to have their DNS redirected, so we need to add something here that will enable authenticated hotspot users through. The magic incantation here (because it’s entries 2 and 3) is
set 2,3 hotspot=!auth, which results in the following:
2 D chain=hotspot action=redirect to-ports=64872 protocol=udp hotspot=!auth dst-port=53 log=no log-prefix=""
3 D chain=hotspot action=redirect to-ports=64872 protocol=tcp hotspot=!auth dst-port=53 log=no log-prefix=""
And now namebench works as expected.