Category Archives: Video


Action Potential Video

Some time ago, I can’t recall when, Maria mused about me making faces simulating the time course of an action potential spike from a cardiac cell.

Well, I’ve finally done it. The video is embedded below:

ADDENDUM: Had posting issues. This was supposed to be part of the post –

Here’s an example of what a plot of an action potential spike looks like:

action potential

Diagnosis Wenckebach

Okay, so this made the rounds a little while ago, but I’m posting it nonetheless:

Amanda and I had a little bit of a communication difficulty when discussing this video. Apparently in medical terminology, at least for a 4th-year medical student, “Wenckebach” is only heard when referring to intermittent AV-nodal block (as deftly illustrated in the video). On the other hand, experimental electrophysiologists frequently refer to any situation in which one area is activating more rapidly than an adjacent area because of differences in refractory period “Wenckebach rhythm”, or if they’re more precise, “Wenckebach-like rhythm”. Many synonyms are also used.

Below is a video of electrical activation during ischemia, illustrating a Wenckebach-like rhythm.

As you can see in the video, the center of the model is only activated every other beat, while the periphery is activated every beat. This is typically referred to as “2:1 capture” or “Wenckebach-like rhythm”, even though the actual phenomenon has very little to do with a true Wenckebach rhythm, in which the atria are activated more rapidly than the ventricles, with block occurring intermittently at the AV-node. The “Diagnosis Wenckebach” has some cute diagrams and even stadium-wave-like demonstrations of this phenomenon.

Long Q-T Syndrome

Today, while looking for blog posts about ICDs and cardiac arrhythmias, I came across the Long Q-T Syndrome Blog. The first story I found was by a woman with long Q-T syndrome who had recently had her ICD replaced in Norway.

Once I checked out the blog itself, I found that it’s done by a group of contributors, and is associated with a long Q-T site,, which has apparently been around for 10 years! In the past I’ve focused rather narrowly on computational cardiac electrophysiology, and had been frustrated by the lack of other bloggers covering the same field. However, I’m starting to find that while cardiologists may not be predisposed to blogging, patients are! Below are two YouTube videos, found via the Long Q-T Syndrome Blog, on long Q-T syndrome. Neither of them does a great job of explaining what the syndrome is caused by at a low level, but there’s a good FAQ on it here, as well as a short history of the disease and some background on the genetics of inherited long Q-T syndrome.

Those videos also don’t do a good job of explaining what the Q-T interval is. In a somewhat-simplified explanation, it’s the time between when your heart’s ventricles (the major pumps) start contracting, and when they stop contracting and rest. A more detailed explanation of the different parts of an ECG trace, including the Q-T interval, is available on the ECG Learning Center.

And now, the videos:

Anatomical Reentry – 1/10th Speed

This video shows an example of simulated anatomical reentry. The view is of a sheet of simulated tissue with a hole in the middle. A wave of electrical activity continuously circles the hole. This is a stable phenomenon, particularly in this simulation. It should go on indefinitely, as long as I let the simulation keep going. Even in experimental set-ups (such as animal models) these can run for more than an hour.

In the video, black is tissue at rest, white/yellow tissue is activated, and red marks activation (at the front) and re-polarization (at the tail of the wave). If this happened around an obstacle in your heart, it would result in atrial flutter (if it occurred in your atria) or ventricular tachycardia (if it occurred in the ventricles). I’ll do a more extensive post in my “CEP Basics” pages later, but for now, here’s the video. The quality was great until YouTube crappified it.

Mac Beautiful

I’ll pop my head up from working on the paper to share this with you:

For the record, I have a mac like that with the 30″ display at work, and yes, it’s everything it looks like and more.

Thanks to bluekitsune for the link.